Cardiac output: Identify and describe the factors that directly affect blood flow in the circulatory system
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Cardiac output is the amount of blood ejected from the left or right ventricle in any given minute. Cardiac output must be maintained in order to keep sufficient blood flow through the capillaries. Identify and describe the factors that directly affect blood flow in the circulatory system
How do the various elements of the nonspecific immune system function in providing daily protection against a variety of pathogens? Each student should provide a unique aspect of the nonspecific immune system and educate the rest of us concerning its function and how effective (or ineffective) it is against one class of pathogens.