Artificial intelligence, paternalism and health care
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Requirements for the Essay:
1500 words +/-10%
Use a citation systems (Chicago ), and use system consistently throughout the essay.
Include page numbers in references whenever there are pages and your citation is not referring to the entire work cited.
The essay should include reasons for and against the positions under consideration, including critical reflection on those reasons. Don’t consider the current legality of the proposed actions. Do make clear any principles or values that the arguments rely on.
Choose ONE Topic for the Essay ( Write an essay on one of the following questions. ):
1. Artificial intelligence, paternalism and health care?
* Michael Kühler (2021:2022) claims that the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in health apps can be paternalistic. Are there any conditions in which AI paternalism would be acceptable?
Kühler, M. (2021:2022). Exploring the phenomenon and ethical issues of AI paternalism in health apps. Bioethics. 36: 194-200. https://doi.org/10.1111/bioe.12886.
2. Paternalism, confidentiality, health care and the criminal justice system
* Should health professionals turn the results of a pregnant patient’s positive drug test over to police when this is against the patient’s wishes. What if this would be in the patient’s interests? What if the pregnancy will continue to term and this would improve the outcome for the foetus?
3. Conscientious objection paternalism, and truth telling in the provision of health care
* Should health professionals be able to refuse to treat a patient requesting legally available care when they have a conscientious objection to providing that care? Does it matter whether their conscientious objection arises from a sincere belief that the treatment would be against the interests of the patient or against the interests of the community?
4. Confidentiality, truth telling and health care
* Should health professionals reveal health information to those who may be affected by the same condition as the patient if this is against the patient’s wishes?